Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common diagnosis. But it is one that still has stigma and scares people. A surprising number of Rockville Centre residents, like Nassau County, and elsewhere in the U.S. are likely to have ADHD. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) says as many as 11% of children ages 4-17 have the disorder. Additionally, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) reports that about 4% of adults have ADHD in a given year. And many of us may have some symptoms. So, any of us with symptoms or a diagnosis are not alone. And not only are we not alone, there are things you can do.
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Whether a diagnosis is necessary or not, it is a good idea to have some sense of what signs to look for.Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms are varied and present in several different ways. Here are some examples:
ADHD can cause problems for children at school. Children withAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder may have difficulty paying attention to the teacher’s instructions, following through on assignments, and sometimes simply staying in their seat. Children who impulsively call out in class and get out of their seat distract the other children in the class. As a result, they are often considered behavior problems who are punished and excluded from classroom learning and activities. These problems can make it difficult for a child to learn to their potential and more likely for a child to be labeled as a problem.
Children diagnosed with ADHD are much more likely to be considered behavior problems and to be diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder. Some possible reasons for this association is that children with ADHD have difficulty really listening to directions when they are given and often misbehave impulsively. These negative interactions with parents, teachers, and other authority figures seem to be associated with the greater levels of depression and anxiety that are found in those with ADHD. A child’s social interactions can also be impaired by their inattention and hyperactivity, which can lead to peer rejection and teasing. Many of these difficulties continue into adulthood when they have more responsibilities.
ADHD can cause problems for adults at work. Adults with ADHD often have difficulty organizing their time, staying reasonably focused on their tasks, and completing their responsibilities. They tend to get easily distracted until right before a deadline when they rush to complete their work. If they do complete their work, the rushing can impact the quality of their work and their opportunities for advancement. Many times, however, adults with ADHD fail to complete their work and are considered lazy, irresponsible, and uncooperative. It is not surprising that adults with ADHD or more likely to be unemployed.
Similar to children, adults with ADHD are more likely to also suffer from mood and anxiety disorders. This association is probably due to the constant struggle to complete tasks, stay organized, and manage relationships. Adults with ADHD are also more likely to exhibit antisocial behavior and substance abuse.
Parent training and behavior management training are the most effective approaches, aside from stimulant medication, for treating ADHD in children and adolescents according to the latest research. These cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) based interventions are mainly conducted with parents and caregivers who learn new strategies for dealing with the symptoms and behaviors associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Parents and caregivers learn techniques to improve the parent-child relationship and increase child compliance.
CBT therapists work with children and adolescents on organizational, problem-solving, and communication skills. CBT therapists also help children and adolescents manage other difficulties that are sometimes associated with ADHD, including anxiety, depression, and socialization deficits.
CBT techniques such as organizational training are used to address the inattentive symptoms of ADHD that lead to organizational and planning deficits. CBT skills for emotional self-regulation and impulse control address some of the impulsive symptoms ofAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. CBT is also very helpful for adults who are also suffering with mood and anxiety disorders. For example, cognitive restructuring can be used to combat distorted thoughts related to depression. For anxiety, CBT treatments almost always include exposure to lessen the impact of the anxiety-provoking stimulus.
When you come to Dr. Jolie Silva’s Team in Rockville Centre, you will meet with a warm, skilled CBT Therapist. You can expect:
Please contact us at (646) 260-0703 to find out more and to make an initial appointment.